Entrance Exams for Architecture have been the basis for admissions in both bachelor’s as well as masters programmes. In the past decades we have seen these examinations become more and more competitive due to the increasing number of students pursuing a higher education in the fields of Architectural Design and Planning.
While there are a number of state level examinations of each state and some architecture colleges conduct their own entrance exams, there are a few national entrance exams that are mandatory and are considered by most of the Architecture Institutes in India. These Include NATA Examination for B. Arch, JEE Mains Paper2/ Paper 3 for B. Arch and GATE Architecture Examination for M. Arch. Let’s take a closer look at each one of them.
NATA Examination (B. Arch)
National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) is a national-level entrance exam conducted by the Council of Architecture (CoA) for candidates seeking admission to undergraduate programmes in Architecture (5-year BArch).
The CoA has relaxed the NATA 2022 eligibility criteria. Every candidate must fulfil the NATA eligibility criteria before filling out the application form:
● Age Limit: There is no age limit to apply for the exam.
● Subjects in Class 12: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics are compulsory subjects.
● Qualifications: The candidates must have passed the 12th level examination from a recognised board
● Marks: Candidates must score at least 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics (PCM) and also at least 50% marks in aggregate of the 10+2 level examination. Candidates belonging to SC, ST, OBC-NCL category or PwD (Persons with a disability) shall be provided with a relaxation of 5% marks in total aggregate in 10+2 level
JEE Paper 2 & JEE Paper 3 (B. Arch)
JEE Papers have been the standard for majority of the entrance exams for a Bachelor’s degree in the fields of engineering, design and technology since 2002, helping students get into some of the top tier nationally recognized institutes such a NITs (National Institutes of Technology), NIDs (National Institutes of Design), IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology), etc. These JEE Papers, for better function and student understanding are segregated into 3 different paths. JEE Mains Paper 1, JEE Paper 2 and JEE Paper 3. JEE Mains Paper 1 is for students who want to pursue Bachelor’s degree in Engineering, JEE Paper 2 for Students applying for a Bachelor’s in the fields of Architecture and Design and JEE Paper 3 for students who aspire to have a degree in Bachelors of Planning.
Until the year 2019 Students aspiring for majors in Architecture Design as well as planning would both appear for the same exam, JEE Paper 2 or JEE Arch. However since 2020 NTA (National Testing Agency) made some changes and introduced a separate exam paper for Bachelors in Planning which was JEE Paper 3, there by segregating the two fields students have to give separate papers depending on their field of interest instead of having the same exam for both B. Arch and B. Planning.
GATE Architecture (M. Arch)
GATE Architecture tests students in various aspects of their intellect and knowledge. Thus, coaching and guidance for these examinations is becoming very essential, with students trying to score the maximum in order to get accepted in to the best universities and colleges.
GATE Syllabus for Architecture & Planning (AR) 2023 consists of topics from General Aptitude and Core Discipline including architecture and planning. The question paper comprises 65 questions of 100 marks. The majority of questions i.e. 55 will be from the core subject syllabus and the remaining 10 questions from General Aptitude Sections.
GATE Syllabus for Architecture & Planning
The following are the sections from which the questions will be asked in GATE 2023 examination for Architecture & Planning.
· Architecture, Planning and Design
· Construction and Management
· Building and Structures
· Environmental Planning and Design
· Urban Design, Landscape and Conservation
· Urban Planning and Housing
· Planning Techniques and Management
· Services, Infrastructure and Transportation